Vortrag “Polyphony and Argumentive Reasoning: Multiple Texts Must Disagree, as Should Single Texts” von Dr. Michael Weinstock

Der Arbeitsbereich Kompetenzentwicklung und Kompetenzmodellierung lädt Interessierte am 08.11.2018 ins Blue Square zum Vortrag von Dr. Michael Weinstock (Department of Education, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel) ein.

Abstract: Although many aspects of multiple text comprehension might make it distinct from single text comprehension, the explicit and often implicit (e.g., Braasch & Braten, 2017; Richter & Maier, 2017) assumption is that the special challenge of understanding multiple texts is that one must make sense of disagreements or discrepancies between the texts. In this presentation, I will present a case that recognizing the possibility of disagreement and the cognitive processes of handling disagreement are at the heart of sound reasoning equally about multiple and single texts. Multiple texts do make for an interesting means to study how well people recognize and handle disagreements, and the epistemic basis for doing so, but because it is a context where disagreement is salient. Second, I will discuss research on argument and epistemic thinking that should provide insight into how people of different ages and with different epistemic perspectives understand disagreement and how this understanding is a key aspect of reasoning. Consideration of the methods of presenting disagreement in a variety of textual and verbal forms should also raise questions about what may or may not be special about multiple texts, and in what form, for research on reasoning, argument, knowledge comprehension, and epistemic thinking. The conceptual basis for question whether multiple texts do have special status with regard to disagreement is the premise that true knowing requires considering a claim within the framework of alternatives, even if the alternatives are not explicitly given. Kuhn (1991) coined the term "argumentive" reasoning to highlight that internal reasoning exists in the form of dialogic argument even if it does not take place in the context of an actual dialogue. This premise follows, at least in spirit, from Bakhtin's (1986) idea of polyphony, in which an account always has multiplicity of perspectives and voices, and we act in relation to a "landscape of possibilities," and from Billig's (1987) social psychology theory that thinking is intrinsically dialogic and two-sided. The research presented on argument and epistemic thinking involves analyses of how people's construction and evaluations of arguments and claims instantiate recognition of possible alternative claims and perspectives.

Gefördert vom Center of Educational Studies der Professional School of Education (PSE)

 

Der Vortrag beginnt am 08.11.2018 um 15:40Uhr.

Veranstaltungsort: Blue Square, 4. Etage (Kortumstr. 90)

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